One of the most dominant places in the central city area of Skopje is the Fortress of Skopje – Kale (the word “Kale” has a Turkish background and means fortress, and this word was customised by the citizens as shortened name for the Fortress of Skopje). Based on archaeological data, the beginnings as an urban living place of today’s Skopje Kale can be traced back to the Eneolithic (2600-2500 b.c.). In the opinion of archaeologists the first walls of the fortress were built during the reign of Emperor Justinian I (527-565). While building the fortress, stone blocks from the ruins of the ancient city Skupi located few kilometers away from the fortres, and was destroyed by earthquake in 518. This is the beginning of medieval Skopje which is often mentioned in the literature from that time.
Because of its extremely good location, a place where they interbred medieval travel transverses north-south and east-west, the city will become an important political and economic center of this part of the Balkans. Its significance will additionally gain weight during the reign of King Milutin (1282 – 1321) when the city begins to soar in significant not only political and economic, but also cultural center. During his time in Skopje, build and update a number of churches and monasteries. Among them were the churches St. Mary Troruchica , Sv.Prokopij, St. John the Baptist and others.
From the fortress of Skopje – Kale you have a fantastic view over central Skopje.